This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of registered nurses and nurse practitioners involved in the care of patients with Clostridium difficile infection.
ACTIVITY PURPOSE This activity is intended to assist registered nurses and nurse practitioners in understanding how to manage patients with Clostridium difficile infection.
STATEMENT OF NEED Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a serious condition that represents a significant burden to the healthcare system. Mortality rates associated with CDI have increased dramatically in the past several years, and as many as 20% of patients admitted to hospitals in which Clostridium difficile-associated disease is endemic may acquire CDI.¹,² Older adults are at an increased risk for developing CDI, particularly those who are housed in long-term care facilities.² This is largely due to age-related changes in fecal flora and host defenses, as well as the presence of multiple comorbidities.³ As CDI-associated mortality is higher in geriatric patients than in other age groups, proper treatment and management strategies are imperative.³ Healthcare providers of geriatric care should be aware of risk factors for CDI, diagnostic considerations, and treatment strategies for older adults.
¹Redelings MD, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1417-1419.
²Gerding DN, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1995;16:459-477.
³Crogan NL, Evans BC. Geriatr Nurs. 2007;28:161-164.
Cite the evolving epidemiology of C. difficile infection (CDI)
Describe factors that contribute to the risk for severe CDI
in older adults
Outline special diagnostic considerations for CDI in older
Review treatment strategies for first episode and recurrent CDI
STATEMENT OF SUPPORT
This activity is jointly sponsored by Robert Michael Educational Institute LLC and Postgraduate Institute for Medicine, and is supported by ViroPharma Incorporated.
This continuing education monograph is certified for registered nurses and nurse practitioners.
(Continuing education credit is no longer available for this activity.)
Erik R. Dubberke, MD Assistant Professor of Medicine
Infectious Diseases Division
Department of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Missouri Baptist Medical Center
St. Louis, Missouri
Suzanne F. Bradley, MD Professor of Medicine
Department of Internal Medicine
Veterans Affairs Health Systems
University of Michigan Medical School
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Clostridium difficile Infection: Best Strategies for Care of Older Adults
– Epidemiology and Diagnosis of Clostridium difficile Infection (CDI)
Erik R. Dubberke, MD
– Cases and Conundrums: How to Manage Clostridium difficile in Older Adults
Suzanne F. Bradley, MD
Learning Assessment and Evaluation Form
December 1, 2008
Continuing education credit is no longer available for this activity.